Field Guide to Sharks, Rays and Chimaeras of Europe and the Mediterranean

Field Guide to Sharks, Rays and Chimaeras of Europe and the Mediterranean

Ebert, David A.

Wild Nature Press






This field guide to Sharks, Rays and Chimeras covers the Mediterranean, the northeast Atlantic including Iceland, all the Scandinavian coasts and the Black Sea, and as far south as The Canary Islands, describing all 143 species found in this region.
Acknowledgements 6 Introduction 7 Habitats 8 Sharks, rays and chimaeras in the region 10 How to use this book 15 Topography 16 Cartilaginous fishes key guides 22 Chimaeras: Chimaeriformes 32 Chimaera families key guide 34 Chimaera species eggcase guide 35 Shortnose chimaeras: Chimaeridae 36 Shortnose chimaera species key guide 37 Longnnosed Chimaeras: Rhinochimaeridae 44 Longnosed chimaera species key guide 35 kates and rays: Batoidea 50 Skates and rays key guide 52 Skates and related species: Rajiformes 54 Skates and related families key guide 57 Softnose skates: Arhynchobatidae 58 Softnose skate species key guide 59 Skates: Rajidae 63 Skate genera key guide 64 Skate species eggcase guide 67 Skate species comparisons 70 Amblyraja species key guide 76 Dipturus species key guide 80 Leucoraja species key guide 89 Malacoraja species key guide 95 Neoraja species key guide 98 Raja species key guide 102 Rajella species key guide 116 Guitarfishes: Rhinobatidae 125 Guitarfishe species key guide 125 Stingrays and related species: Myliobatiformes 128 Stingrays and related families key guide 131 Butterfly rays: Gymnuridae 132 Stingrays: Myliobatoidei 134 Stingrays key guide 136 Eagle rays: Myliobatidae 144 Eagle ray species key guide 146 Mobula species comparison 153 Electric rays: Torpediniformes 154 Torpedo electric rays: Torpedinidae 156 Torpedo electric ray species key guide 158 Sawfishes: Pristiformes 162 Sawfishes: Pristidae 162 Sawfish species key guide 165 Ray-like sharks, shark-like rays comparison 168 Sharks: Selachimorpha 170 Shark orders key guide 173 Cow and frilled sharks: Hexanchiformes 175 Frilled sharks: Chlamydoselachidae 175 Cow sharks: Hexanchidae 175 Cow and frilled shark species key guide 176 Cow and frilled shark species tooth guide 177 Bramble sharks: Echinorhiniformes/Echinorhinidae 182 Dogfish sharks and related species: Squaliformes 184 Dogfish sharks and related species key guide 186 Dogfish sharks: Squalidae 188 Dogfish shark species key guide 189 Dogfish shark similar species 190 Dogfish shark species tooth guide 190 Gulper sharks: Centrophoridae 194 Gulper shark species key guide 195 Gulper shark species tooth guide 197 Lantern sharks: Etmopteridae 204 Lantern shark species key guide 205 Lantern shark species tooth guide 207 Deepwater spined shark species comparison 208 Sleeper sharks: Somniosidae 214 Sleeper shark species key guide 215 Sleeper shark species tooth guide 218 Roughsharks: Oxynotidae 227 Roughshark species key guide and tooth guide 228 Kitefin sharks: Dalatidae and tooth guide 231 Kitefin shark species key guide 232 Angelsharks: Squatiniformes/Squatinidae 236 Angelsharks species key guide 237 Angelsharks species tooth guide 238 Mackerel sharks: Lamniformes 242 Mackerel shark families key guide 243 Sandtiger sharks: Odontaspididae 246 Goblin sharks: Mitsukurinidae 246 Sandtiger and goblin shark species tooth guide 247 Thresher sharks: Alopidae 252 Thresher shark species tooth guide 253 Basking sharks: Cetorhinidae 256 Mackerel sharks: Lamnidae 258 Mackerel shark species key guide 259 Mackerel shark species tooth guide 260 Carpetsharks: Orectolobiformes 265 Nurse sharks: Ginglystomatidae 266 Whale sharks: Rhincontidae 266 Carpetshark species key guide and tooth guide 267 Ground sharks: Carcharhiniformes 270 Ground shark species key guide 272 Catsharks: Scyliorhinidae 274 Catshark genera key guide 276 Catshark species eggcase guide 277 Catshark species tooth guide 278 False catsharks: Pseudotriakidae 293 Deep water catsharks' comparison 295 Houndsharks: Triakidae 296 Houndshark species key guide 297 Houndshark species tooth guide 298 Requiem sharks: Carcharhinidae 303 Requiem shark genera key guide 304 Requiem shark species tooth guide 306 Requiem shark species key guide 310 Hammerhead sharks: Sphyrnidae 327 Hammerhead shark species key guide 328 Hammerhead shark species tooth guide 329 Possible vagrants 333 Appendices 337 Glossary 337 Regional oceans and seas 340 Derivation of scientific words 345 Field observations 348 Regional cartilaginous fish parts guide 353 Suggested further reading 358 Regional scientific societies and conservation organisations 360 Index 362
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