Defining Shinto

Defining Shinto

A Reader

Michiaki, Okuyama; MacWilliams, Mark W.

Taylor & Francis Ltd






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Brings together the key official documents as well as political, religious, philosophical and historical essays to illustrate how Shinto has been transformed - from Japan's emergence as a modern nation state in the late 19th century to the postmodern Japan of today - yet continues to be one of the most contested terms in the study of religion.
Introduction: Defining Shinto in Modern Japan Parts 1 and 2: Introduction Part 1: Shinto and the Modern Japanese Nation State: Official Statements Concerning Shinto and Shrine Administration 1 Proclamation concerning the Restoration of the Council of Divinities, March 13th, 1868 2 Ordinance Distinguishing Divine and Buddhist Matters, Proclamation issued by the Council of State, March 28th, 1868 3 Imperial Rescript for the Promulgation of the Great Teachings, January 3rd, 1870 4 Official Notice issued by the Council of State, May 14th, 1871 (Shrine Rituals as a State Fundamental Practice) 5 The Principal Aim of the Great Teachings: Notification issued by the Council of State, July 4th, 1871 6 Three Articles for the Teaching issued by the Ministry of Public Instruction, April 28th, 1872 7 Notification issued by the Council of State, June 4th, 1879. Issued with the Home Ministry and the Ministries of the Army, Navy, and Tokyo Prefecture 8 Notification (no.1 in the fourth category) issued by the Home Ministry, January 24th, 1882 9 Notification (no. 30 in the second category) issued by the Home Ministry, May 15th, 1882 10 Notification (no. 19) issued by the Council of State, August 11th, 1884 11 The Constitution of the Empire of Japan, February 11th, 1889, "Imperial Oath at the Sanctuary of the Imperial Palace," and Articles 1-3, and 28 12 Imperial Edict, no. 220, on the Disposition of the Vacant Properties after the Consolidation of Shrines, Temples or Buddhist Halls August 10th, 1906 13 Dates of Important subsequent ordinances issues by the Japanese imperial state 14 Imperial Edict (no. 736) on the Official Institutionalization of the Board of Divinities (Jingiin) November 9th, 1940 Part 2: Pre-War Japanese Intellectuals on Shinto 15 Kume Kunitake Shinto as an Ancient Custom of Worshiping Heaven (1891) 16 Kawakami Hajime Japan's Unique Form of Nationalism (1911) 17 Yanagita Kunio My View of Shinto (1918) 18 Kato Genchi Shinto, A Religion of the Theanthropic Type, as Distinguished from a Religion of the Theocratic Type & Shinto as a National Religion, Not Entirely Devoid of a Universal Aspect, and Remarkably Tolerant (1935) 19 Tsuda Sokichi The Various Meanings of the Word Shinto (1937-39) Suggested Readings (Parts 1 and 2) Part 3: Shinto Ultra-Nationalism of the 1930s and 40s Introduction 20 Kono Seizo The Way of Kannagara (1940) 21 Ministry of Education (Monbusho) The Inherent Character of the People, Ceremonial Rites and Morality, from The Cardinal Principles of the National Polity (Kokutai no hongi) (1937) 22 Ministry of Education (Monbusho) Practicing the Way of Imperial Subjects, from The Way of Subjects (Shinmin no michii) (1941) 23 Board of Divinities (Jingiin) National Polity and Shrines, National History and Shrines, The State and Shrines, from The Cardinal Principles of Shrines (Jinja hongi) (1944) Suggested Readings Part 4: Recasting Shinto-Post-War Reforms and Reformulations Introduction 24 General Headquarters, Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers The Shinto Directive (December 15th, 1945) 25 Orikuchi Shinobu A New Direction for Shinto (1949) 26 Watsuji Tetsuro Feudal Thought and Shinto Doctrine and Representative of the Whole People (1948) 27 Ashizu Uzuhiko The Various Issues Related to Contemporary Shrines (1951) 28 Murakami Shigeyoshi The Emperor as a Deity in Human Form and The Development of Imperial House Rites (1977) 29 Kuroda Toshio Shinto in the History of Japanese Religion (1981) Suggested Readings Part 5: Contemporary Ways of Defining Shinto Introduction 30 Miyata Noboru State Shinto (1999) 31 Ueda Kenji The Structure of Shinto Faith (1995) 32 Sonoda Minoru Our Way of Shrines and Shinto and The Local Shrine Grove-A Shinto Model of One's Home (1998) 33 Kamata Toji What is Shinto? (1999) 34 Inoue Hiroshi Introduction and A Syncretism Based Upon Separation: The Formation of Shinto' (2011) Suggested Readings
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